Cas 53-79-2 Puromycin,
ISO Puromycin Powder
Puromycin Stylomycin Cas 53-79-2
|D25 -11° (ethanol)
|572.65°C (rough estimate)
|1.3119 (rough estimate)
|6.8, 7.2(at 25℃)
|Soluble in water (50 mg/ml at 20°C).
|Puromycin is an aminonucleoside antibiotic produced by Streptomyces alboniger. It is a very common antibiotic routinely used by scientists in biomedical research to select cells modified by genetic engineering. It specifically inhibits peptidyl transfer on both prokaryotic and eukaryotic ribosomes. The antibiotic inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and various animal and insect cells. Fungi and Gram-negative bacteria are resistant due to the low permeability of the antibiotic. For more than 30 years, puromycin has been widely used as a basic tool for studying protein synthesis. Now, puromycin hydrochloride is particularly useful for the selection of cell types harboring plasmids carrying puromycin resistance genes. Puromycinresistant cells express pac gene, which encodes an N-acetyl puromycin transferase. The pac gene can be mobilized on a plasmid and used to transfect a host cell in an attempt to provide resistance; therefore, puromycin can be used in gene selections for mammalian host cells.
This aminonucleoside antibiotic causes premature chain termination during translation in the ribosomes. Part of the molecule resembles the 30 end of the aminoacylated tRNA. It enters the A site and transfers to the growing chain, causing premature chain release. The exact mechanism of action is unknown, but the 30 position contains an amide linkage instead of the normal ester linkage of tRNA; the amide bond makes the molecule much more resistant to hydrolysis and thus causes the ribosome to become stopped. It is not selective for either prokaryotes or eukaryotes.
Also of note, puromycin is critical in mRNA display as it allows the growing peptide chain to be covalently bonded to its own mRNA template. Additionally, puromycin is a reversible inhibitor of dipeptidyl-peptidase II (serine peptidase) and cytosol alanyl aminopeptidase (metallopeptidase). The mechanism of inhibition is not well understood; however, puromycin can be used to distinguish between aminopeptidase M (active) and cytosol alanyl aminopeptidase (inhibited by puromycin) and therefore extremely useful in biochemistry and nephrology research.
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